origin of iron technology in africa

December 12th, 2020

Superior iron technology enabled the Bantus to dominate groups in central and southern Africa. Dr. Iraki is a Professor of French at the United States International University in Kenya and founder editor of the Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa. The Iron Age was a period in human history that started between 1200 B.C. From 2014 to 2018, Zambia, Nigeria, Ghana, and Uganda recorded some of the highest growth rates within the insurance industry in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nok culture provides the earliest example of iron-smelting technology in sub-Saharan Africa which may have come from Carthage to the north or, perhaps more likely given the formidable barrier of the Sahara desert, from Nubia in the east. Other than iron,steel was also used during the period. South Africa - South Africa - The Iron Age: Because the first farmers had knowledge of ironworking, their archaeological sites are characterized as Iron Age (c. 200 ce). Iron was used to produce strong weapons and tools that made the empire strong. Black powder was eventually replaced with dynamite in the mid 19th century. The metal, which of one of Earth's most abundant elements, has been used to build railroads, buildings, and other important structures. When is Iron discovered? Information technology education is the main solution for building indigenous capacity in Africa. Iron Age technology was transmitted across Africa by Bantu-speaking people who migrated to the south from North and Central Africa. The Healing Hand: Man and Wound in the Ancient World, Guido Majno, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1975 Historically, the earliest traces of Agriculture and Iron that led to the rise of the Bantu Peoples in Africa have been found in the regions of Mesopotamia and the Nile Valley. THIS IS A DEMONSTRATION. They established trade relations with the Muslims of This advance enabled more land to be cleared for agricultural purposes and for hunting skills to be improved and to become far more effective. By the third century B.C., iron smelting had spread as far as Gabon and the Congo, which would seem to indicate that the Bantu took He constructed much of the monumental architecture of Aksum, including a reported 100 stone obelisks, the tallest of which weighed over 500 tons and loomed 30 m (100 ft) over the cemetery in which it stood. Though people have lived in Africa quite some time, the use of iron tools marks the significant moment of African civilization. Sub-Saharan Africa was also hampered by its lack of good harbors, which made transport by sea difficult. The use of technology in communication may be considered since the first use of symbols about 30,000, , . Iron Age cultures used iron extensively for tools and weapons, rather than relying on earlier technologies such as stone or bronze. New groups of people arriving in South Africa at that time had strong connections to East Africa. Their language and culture mixed with those of the groups they met, which is why many NOW THEY BUY THEIR IRON IMPORTED FROM CHINA, JUST AS WE DO. Perhaps not the most peaceful of cultural exchanges, but where the technology did travel, it caught on fast. Peter R. Schmidt, Iron Technology in East Africa: Symbolism, Science and Archaeology (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997). Boaz believed that Africa had The history of communication itself can be traced back since the origin of speech circa 500,000 BCE [citation needed]. Africa is often seen as a continent on the move due to crisis-led causes, mainly as people escaping poverty, environmental disaster, or violent conflict. “What I am challenging is the idea that technology can only come from outside Africa, from the laboratories and factories,” Mavhunga says. History of technology, the development over time of systematic techniques for making and doing things. I. The term technology, a combination of the Greek techne, ‘art, craft,’ with logos, ‘word, speech,’ meant in Greece a discourse on the arts, both fine and applied. Africa: Mother of Western Civilizations, Yosef A. Explain impact of iron technology on the people of Africa i) The discovery of iron technology led to the manufacture of better and efficient tools for farming.For example, iron hoes and panga ii) The use of iron tools enabled people to clear natural vegetation and … Mining Iron Ore in Africa Because iron ore is the key ingredient of steel, and nearly 95% of the metal used every year around the world is steel – iron is the most frequently used metal in the world. These include steam engines, metal chisels and saws, copper and iron tools and weapons, nails, glue, carbon steel and bronze weapons and art (2, 7). A. ben-Jochannan, Alkebu-lan Books, New York, 1971 20. Iron tools were very important to the early farmers of Southern Africa. Gold was used to trade with other nations for needed resources like livestock, tools, and cloth. the premise of poverty-driven migration out of Africa has been disputed by current research. “This general narrative of technology transfer — from the haves to the have-nots — is one I The Iron Age began and ended at different times in the histories of Europe, China, Africa and Iron is one of the most important elements for life as we know it, and for the technology, both primitive and modern, that has shaped human history. Bolstering regional trends in business, investment and modernization is the emergence of an IT This text provides general information. They were directly ancestral to the Bantu-speaking peoples who form the majority of South Africa’s population today. My own interests in demographic growth and dispersals depends very closely on the chronology of ironworking in Africa Farmers in Africa continued to use stone tools and weapons however about 600 BC the use of iron spread in North Africa. He is passionate about mathematics, technology and and technology, largely from Africa, and the ability to garner huge profits through the reliance on slavery, in which workers were not paid for their labor or their technology. 37. Iron was used in West Africa for tools and for weapons. Early iron in Africa 2 minute read The dawn of ironworking in Africa is a hot anthropological topic. This was especially true of hoes and other implements that could be used to cut down trees and bush, break up the soil, weed the fields and harvest the crop. There are some indications of the use of iron 4000 years before Christ, used by the Sumerians and also by the Egyptians. As Africa transitions from the margins to the mainstream of the global economy, technology is playing an increasingly significant role. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features The Nok culture prospered thanks to iron-smelting technology which permitted the manufacture of iron tools. THIS IS HOW THEY DID IT TWO CENTURIES AGO. During the early 4th century AD, Ezana spread his realm north and east, conquering the Nile Valley realm of Meroe and thus becoming ruler over part of both Asia and Africa. Black powder reached the West, likely from China . Technology Development during the Iron Age Iron Age is the archaeological period which occurs after the Stone Age and BronzeAge, which is famous for its use of iron for items of everyday life. Van Sertima, Blacks in Science ( NJ, Transaction Books, 1992). Iron tools enhanced weaponry, allowed groups to clear and manage dense forests, plow fields for farming Iron's origin begins in space with the explosion or a star. Advances in Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda between 1,500 and 2,000 years ago surpassed those of Europeans then and were astonishing to Europeans when they learned of them. Knowledge of Cereals, Animal Husbandry and Iron Smelting spread amongst the Bantu Peoples in the African interior from Mesopotamia via the Nile Valley into East Africa, the Sahara and then into the African Savannah. Governments should play active roles in diffusing the above … Mining technology leaped forward again in the late Middle Ages when miners started using explosives to break up large rocks. and 600 B.C., depending on the region, and followed the Stone Age and Bronze Age. 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