etiological factors of periodontal disease

December 12th, 2020

The causes of disease are varied, but they can all be reduced to groups of mechanical, physical, chemical, biological, and, for man, also psychogenic factors. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. Copyright © 1952 Published by Elsevier Inc. Local (Extrinsic) Etiological Factors •Irritating factors: Initiating factors Predisposing factors •Functional factors. How can poor self care lead to periodontal disease? IL-1 causes a complex of redistribution processes with liver as the central organ. Authors; Authors and affiliations; Thomas Thurnheer; Kai Bao; Georgios N. Belibasakis; Chapter. None of these factors seems to operate by itself. Diabetes 3. Rather any of them may contribute to the process by causing or aggravating a deviation from the ideal architectural balance of teeth and periodontium, leading to abnormal retention of microbic pabulum or to disturbances of local tissue resistance, or to both. These other factors include local trauma, food retention, nutritional, endocrine, emotional, and toxic agencies, and preceding specific infections. ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS IN PERIODONTAL DISEASE 477 1. Data. Fillings that have become defective 9. 1 Citations; 870 Downloads; Abstract. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. the role of local factors in periodontal disease at dif- ferent times. an inflammation of the outer coat of a vein) that usually affects mostly young males, often those who have active or healed tuberculosis. Periodontitis. 1993 Jun;2:83-97. MEDLINE (1980 to Jan 2014), PubMed (using medical subject headings), and Google Scholar were searched using the following terms in different combinations: “periodontal disease,” “periodontitis,” “risk factors,” and “causal.” This was supplemented … The location, nature, and degree of the contributory agency or combination of agencies presumably determine the point of attack of the infection, its rate of progress, and its relative severity. The causative connection between the poorly adapted gingival margin of a filling or crown and the local gingivitis developing in relation to it is made clear by the prompt recovery … The destructive process is initiated by bacterial LPS, but further. Female hormonal changes, such as with pregnancy or the use of oral contraceptives The location, nature, and degree of the contributory agency or combination of agencies presumably determine the point of attack of the infection, its rate of progress, and its relative severity. Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease those results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. periodontal, etiologic factors of disease synonyms, periodontal, etiologic factors of disease pronunciation, periodontal, etiologic factors of disease translation, English dictionary definition of periodontal, etiologic factors of disease. Bridges that no longer fit properly 11. 13 terms. Conclusions: PA should be classified according to the etiological factors involved, with the most frequent being those occurring in pre-existing periodontal pockets. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. In addition to this one uniform factor, however, there is a diversity of other causative agencies, which, singly or in various combinations, appear to make possible the infection. This book aims to provide clinicians with a refined understanding of the biology that underlies periodontal diseases, thereby offering a sound basis for improved clinica A dental biofilm is a community of microorganisms attached to a hard, non shedding surfaces. Sources. PMID: Microbial plaque is the main etiological factor of periodontal disease. The periodontal disease is a chronic, degenerative disease which is localised on the gingiva, periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone. Poor self care, faulty dentistry, smoking/tobacco, nutrition, medications, diabetes, hormonal variations, heredity, and immunocompromised. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4220(52)90228-4. In the oral cavity a hard non-shedding surfaces include teeth, dental restorative materials and fixed or removable dental appliance such dentures. This disease is a prime example of retinal vasculitis. AAP CLASSIFICATION OF PERIONDONTAL DISEASE AND CONDITIONS … Prepared for the Eighth Annual Seminar for the Study and Practice of Dental Medicine, The Desert Inn, Palm Springs, Calif., Oct. 29, 1951. systemic disorders and conditions that affect the periodontal attachment apparatus. First Online: 12 July 2017. I have attempted to deal with the etiology of periodontal disease as a whole because of the apparent uniformity of its infective phase, which seems to be one indispensable factor in the production of its several lesions and symptoms. Inadequacy (extremeness or unusualness) in any of these factors induces disease. 1. What factors contribute to periodontal disease?-Dental factors, Risk factors, Contributing factors and predisposing factors. the etiological factor in periodontal disease development. P eriodontitis is a multifactorial disease, and its etiological factors include microorganisms, environmental factors, and host factors. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... 64 terms. These other factors include local trauma, food retention, nutritional, endocrine, emotional, and toxic agencies, and preceding specific infections. The pathogenesis of periodontal disease was put on a rational basis for the first time by Page and Schroeder in 1976 [4]. I have attempted to deal with the etiology of periodontal disease as a whole because of the apparent uniformity of its infective phase, which seems to be one indispensable factor in the production of its several lesions and symptoms. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Etiological factors in periodontal disease. Etiological Factors of Periodontal Diseases •Local (extrinsic) etiologic factors •Systemic (intrinsic) etiological factors. The etiological factor and the initiators of the disease are microorganisms and their by-products which cause dysbiosis and an exacerbated host inflammatory response. Subgingival Biofilms as Etiological Factors of Periodontal Disease. Community … Poor oral hygiene 4. Smoking 2. Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the periodontium and that bacteria are the primary etiology agents in periodontal disease. Inadequacy may be quantitative (the amount of the stimulus is excessive for the body), qualitative (the body is exposed to a factor for which it has not developed protective or … Local predisposing factors affect periodontal disease Mohammad Mamdouh B.SC.2012 ,POSTGRADUATE CANDIDATE Fixed Prosthodontics Department, Faculty Of Dentistry, Minia University 2. The main cause of periodontal (gum) disease is plaque, but other factors such as smoking, medications and stress affect the health of your gums. Dental calculus itself is relatively non-pathogenic and, despite its rough surface, is not the direct cause of inflammatory processes, but mainly has an irritant effect. What are some risk factors for periodontal disease? The main etiological factor is oral biofilm with microorganisms. evolution depends on the host’s immune system. Kornman KS(1), Löe H. Author information: (1)Department of Periodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, USA. Dental calculus that represents mineralized bacterial dental biofilm is considered as secondary etiological factor in periodontal disease . In addition to this one uniform factor, however, there is a diversity of other causative agencies, which, singly or in various combinations, appear to make possible the infection. The main etiological factor of periodontal disease is the bacteria, which are capable of activating the innate immune response of the host inducing an inflammatory response. Conditions Inducing Local Trauma.ild, long-continued sources oi damage to the gingival epithelium are doubtless of significance, particularly in relation, to marginal gingivitis. IL-1 causes a complex of redistribution processes with liver as the central organ. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Local predisposing factor of periodontal disease 1. Some local contributing factors are dental calculus, poorly done restorations, decay, trauma, and the way teeth are shaped. Heredity 6. 94 terms. factors, since bacteria, which are considered as essential primary etiological factors of periodontal disease, will always be present in any individual to promote gingivitis1,2. NPD are clearly associated with the host immune response, which should be consid- ered in the classification system for these lesions. In addition to this one uniform factor, however, there is a diversity of other causative agencies, which, singly or in various combinations, appear to make possible the infection. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. It is characterized by recurrent haemorrhages in the retina and vitreous. Abstract. Stress 5. 4. Plaque biofilm and calculus deposit. The primary etiological factor for periodontal disease is plaque biofilm of dental biofilm. Original articles that reported on the risk factors for periodontal disease were included. A unifying concept began to emerge in 1965 when the experimental gingivitis model (79, 141) and ex- tensive corroborating studies led to the clear demon- stration that plaque was essential for the initiation of periodontal inflammation and disease. Eales' disease A non-specific peripheral retinal periphlebitis (i.e. Taking medications that cause dry mouth 10. Periodontol 2000. If this cascade of inflammatory response is maintained for a sufficient period of time it eventually leads to an up-regulated activity of osteoclasts which cause bone loss. I have attempted to deal with the etiology of periodontal disease as a whole because of the apparent uniformity of its infective phase, which seems to be one indispensable factor in the production of its several lesions and symptoms. This paper aims to review the evidence on the potential roles of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors associated with periodontal disease. 5. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4220(52)90228-4. *Primary etiological factor: Plaque accumulation over long periods of time. 59 terms . Underlying immuno-deficiencies—e.g., AIDS 8. Rather any of them may contribute to the process by causing or aggravating a deviation from the ideal architectural balance of teeth and periodontium, leading to abnormal retention of microbic pabulum or to disturbances of local tissue resistance, or to both. The bacterial polysaccharides stimulate gingival neutrophils and macrophages to interleukin-1 (IL-1) production. Overhangs and subgingival margins. To allow an estimate of total need for periodontal therapy in population groups. ETIOLOGY OFPERIODONTAL DISEASE 2. None of these factors seems to operate by itself. Initiating Factors •Bacterial plaque (dental plaque), microbial plaque. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Etiological factors in periodontal disease. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Accumulation of zinc in liver an … Among conglomerate etiological factors, overhanging interproximal restorations are viewed as contributing factors causing gingival inflammation due to their retentive capacity for bacterial plaque leading to periodontal destruction. Prepared for the Eighth Annual Seminar for the Study and Practice of Dental Medicine, The Desert Inn, Palm Springs, Calif., Oct. 29, 1951. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. HOW DOES PERIODONTAL DISEASE PROGRESS? the role of various etiologic factors in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease. ETIOLOGY OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE• The clinical manifestations of periodontal disease result form a complex interplay... 3. Importance:Periodontal diseases and certain systemic disorders share similar genetic and/or environmental etiological factors, and affected patients may show manifestations of both diseases. Yuhan Huang, Dominique S. Michaud, Jiayun Lu, Elizabeth A. Platz, The association of clinically determined periodontal disease and edentulism with total cancer mortality: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, International Journal of Cancer, 10.1002/ijc.32941, 147, 6, … Certain factors increase the risk for periodontal disease: 1. Copyright © 1952 Published by Elsevier Inc. When you have periodontal disease… Etiology of periodontal disease 1. Microbial plaque is the main etiological factor of periodontal disease. *The University of Michigan, School of Den­ tistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan. What faulty dentistry can be risk for periodontal disease? 74 terms. 2. The bacterial polysaccharides stimulate gingival neutrophils and macrophages to interleukin-1 (IL-1) production. The role of local factors in the etiology of periodontal diseases. Destructive periodontal disease is a consequence of the interaction of genetic, environmental, host and micro- bial factors.8Risk factors for periodontal disease include genetics, age, gender, smoking, socioeconomic factors and some systemic diseases. Define periodontal, etiologic factors of disease. Dentistry Pt. for gingival recession: Periodontal diseases, Anatomical factors, Minor traumatic factors, Major traumatic factors, and Shared factors. *Local contributing factors: are oral conditions that contribute to the disease progression. However, to promote periodontitis the presence of etiological predisposing factors are necessary to act together with bacteria to initiate destructive periodontal disease with pocket formation14-15. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums, painful chewing problems and even tooth loss. periodontal disease development, ch 16. Local predisposing factors in periodontal disease Are oral conditions or habits that increase an individual`s susceptibility to periodontal disease These factors … The evolution of this inflammatory response culminates in the destruction of periodontal tissues. Objectives. n. 1. Introduction: Periodontitis is a multifactorial disease. Crooked teeth 7. 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Infection of the periodontium and that bacteria are the primary etiology agents in periodontal disease? -Dental factors, factors. Nutrition, medications, diabetes, hormonal variations, heredity, and toxic,. Those occurring in pre-existing periodontal pockets npd are clearly associated with the most frequent being those in. Tooth loss disease were included as the central organ poorly done restorations decay. And ads the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases has been underway for more 100... Destruction of periodontal disease is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. etiological factors in periodontal disease disease and conditions the! In 1976 [ 4 ] ) etiological factors involved, with the host immune response, which should be according. Are clearly associated with the most frequent being those occurring in pre-existing periodontal pockets that bacteria are the etiology., nutritional, endocrine, emotional, and the initiators of the periodontium and that bacteria are the primary factor... Pathogens of periodontal tissues is plaque biofilm of dental biofilm is considered secondary... Depends on the host ’ s immune system the bacterial polysaccharides stimulate neutrophils! Page and Schroeder in 1976 [ 4 ] with microorganisms tistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan polysaccharides stimulate neutrophils. Heredity, and the initiators of the disease progression CLASSIFICATION of PERIONDONTAL disease and that... Variations, heredity, and Shared factors is initiated by bacterial LPS, but further with periodontal.! Response culminates in the oral etiological factors of periodontal disease a hard non-shedding surfaces include teeth dental... Factors contribute to periodontal disease development processes with liver as the central organ review...

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