solanum nigrum common name

December 12th, 2020

nigrum Solanum nigrum L. subsp. Sir I would like to know the marketting of the above species, my stud lambs have eaten it so I sadly lost my beautiful little mates from the plant and one is suffering from the side affects of eating it and I wish I could find an anecdote to make her well. Solanum nigrum Tausch ex Dun. Solanaceae. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato and potato. Solanum nigrum. Solanum nigrum: common name details from PIER Common name - Language - Location: Language - Location - Common name : Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. The meaning of nigrum is not known. Black Flat at Corrowong Callum Brae Cotter Reserve Gigerline Nature Reserve Hughes Garran Woodland Isaacs Ridge Isaacs Ridge and Nearby Isaacs … This plant is cultivated as a leaf crop in some areas, but see the notes at the top of the page regarding possible toxicity. Solanum nigrum (Solanaceae) commonly known as Makoi or black nightshade, usually grows as a weed in moist habitats in different kinds of soils, including dry, stony, shallow, or deep soils, and can be cultivated in tropical and subtropical agro climatic regions by sowing the seeds during April–May in well-fertilized nursery beds; it can be used for reclaiming the degraded land as well [83]. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. 186 (1753). Brazilian Nightshade = Solanum seaforthianum. Solanum nigrum. For a list of references used on this page please go here, Book about potential use of this Black Nightshade species, i would like to know the use of solamargine and solasonine as principal constituents, the standard and quality control. Solanum nigrum. Solanum nigrum: common name details from PIER. Form: Upright or erect. Solanum nigrum (Solanaceae) commonly known as Makoi or black nightshade, usually grows as a weed in moist habitats in different kinds of soils, including dry, stony, shallow, or deep soils, and can be cultivated in tropical and subtropical agro climatic regions by sowing the seeds during April–May in well-fertilized nursery beds; it can be used for reclaiming the degraded land as well [83]. Bittersweet Nightshade, Climbing nightshade, Bittersweet, Deadly Nightshade, Poisonous, Wild Potato, Fendler's horsenettle, Texan horsenettle. 2. Solanum nigrum var. Solanum oleraceum Dum. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Solanum nigrum has various other names such as black nightshade, Indian nightshade, European black nightshade solanum, garden huckleberry, Kakamachi, duscle, wonder berry, petty morel and hound’s berry. Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 186. Fruit a dull black or purple-black berry, 8-10 mm diam. Description. Special Features:Not North American native, Naturalizing, All or parts of this plant are poisonous. Solanum Nigrum seeds are good if tuberculosis patients and diabetic people included daily their diet. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. 1. solanum: Derivation uncertain - possibly from the Latin word sol, meaning “sun,” referring to its status as a plant of the sun. More >>>. Found in: Weedy in disturbed areas, roadsides, edge of moist woods, … Malaysia: ranti, terong meranti, terong parachichit (Peninsular). Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Europe. Pl. I used to eat these fruits years ago. There is a lot of disagreement over whether or not the leaves or fruit of this plant are poisonous. Black-berry nightshade. Other sources of information about Solanum nigrum: Our websites: Flora of Botswana: Solanum nigrum Flora of Caprivi: Solanum nigrum Flora of Malawi: Solanum nigrum Flora of Mozambique: Solanum nigrum Flora of Zambia: Solanum nigrum External websites: African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanum … (Everist 1974). Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Solanum nigrum guineense L. Solanum nodiflorum Jacq. Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Authority. Herbe à calalou, morelle noire (Fr). Description. Edible Parts: Fruit  LeavesEdible Uses: Fruit - cooked[2, 27, 89, 179]. Solanum chenopodioides Lam. Buffalo Burr = Solanum rostratum. It has many branches and short hairs. External link More information; Location information. It cannot grow in the shade. This plant grows as weed in waste lands all across India. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Solanum americanum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Solanum nigrum. Results of a name search (scientific name view) for the United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS database The fruit, root, leaves, flowers berry and the entire plant is used as medicine. The common name of Solanum nigrum is black nightshade or Makoy (Hindi). Inflorescences in the axils of the upper leaves, containing 4-10 flowers on a stalk, each 1.5 - 2.5cm long The ripe fruit and cooked leaves are edible, however, some parts of the plants are poisonous and can cause serious damage to humans and cattle. Leaves are oval. No. May be fatal, Solanine alkaloid, saponins, atropine like substances. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Antiperiodic  Antiphlogistic  Antipsoriatic  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Emollient  Febrifuge  Narcotic  Purgative  SedativeThe whole plant is antiperiodic, antiphlogistic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge, narcotic, purgative and sedative[4, 21, 145, 147, 192, 218]. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. All plant pages have their own unique code. Preferred name: Solanum nigrum ; Authority: Linnaeus ; Notes. Solanum nigrum is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). Homonyms Solanum nigrum L. Solanum nigrum Tausch Solanum nigrum Tausch ex Dun. Plant is dark green and often purple-green with broadly branching erect stems. Solanum chenopodifolium Dun. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. schultesii (Opiz) Wessely, Feddes Repertorium 63: 311(1960). Dicotyledonous Herbs other than Composites. Assistant Professor in Botany Animals Affected Solanum nigrum L. Seeds as an Alternative Source of Edible Lipids and Nutriment in Congo Brazzaville / J M Nzikou, M Mvoula-Tsieri et al / J. Meaning of name: Solanum was the Latin name used by Pliny for the nightshade. Common Name: Garden Huckleberry. 6: 19–25 (1974) and Edmonds & Chweya, loc. The fruit contains about 2.5% protein, 0.6% fat, 5.6% carbohydrate, 1.2% ash[179]. Berries black up to 10mm in diameter. This QR Code is unique to this page. The fruit is about 9mm in diameter[200]. Chromosome number: 2n=72 Common name: "Black Nightshade." A number of plants outside the genus Solanum are also known as nightshades. Solanum nigrum is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). Cultivated as a leaf vegetable on the slopes of Mt. Synonymy: Not Applicable Common name: Black-berry nightshade, black nightshade. Black Nightshade is a medicine for spleen diseases also. schultesii (Opiz) Wessely : Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Solanum nigrum belongs to the Flowering Plants group. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Caterpillars and slugs are particularly fond of this plant and can totally destroy it[K]. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Solanum nigrum Linnaeus: Common Name: European Black Nightshade: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: ** Duration: ** Category: ** USDA Symbol: ** Plant Notes: ** Taxonomic Notes: ** Status: Not Native, (State Rank), (Global Rank) References: ** Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database ** Not applicable or data … Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Blue Potato Bush = Lycianthes rantonnetii (Spencer 2002), but see under Solanum rantonnetii. Solanum nigrum Taxonomy ID: 4112 (for references in articles please use NCBI: txid4112) current name. Blackberry nightshade (Solanum nigrum) is very similar to glossy nightshade (Solanum americanum), and intermediates between the two species are sometimes seen. Attribution . In Southern part of India People used to make green vegetabble with leaf and fruit.I would like to know is there any organic cultivation method. (1997) recognized two subspecies, viz. Widespread. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Notes. Solanum nigrum benefits, chemical constituents and images (Nightshade) March 9, 2017 February 18, 2018 - by Anoop Sharma - Leave a Comment Solanum nigrum also known as Black Nightshade plant or Makoi , is an annual herb of the potato family. Click on any image to enlarge it. Solanaceae. Solanum nigrum. The plant is more effective in doing this if it is infected with the bacterial parasite Agrobacterium tumefaciens[248]. Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. Henderson in Contr. Some of the uses ascribed to S. nigrum in literature may actually apply to other black nightshade species within the same species complex, and proper species identification is essential for food and medicinal uses (See Taxonomy section). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Family Solanaceae. Grassy areas, roadsides, and disturbed sites. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. black nightshade. Inflorescence with 4-12 flowers, corolla star-shaped, 8-12 mm diam., white, anthers forming a central cone. Common name(s): Black Nightshade, Hound’s Berry, Petty Morel and others Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Solanaceae Origin: Africa, Asia, Europa, naturalized in other regions. Applied Sci., 7: 1107-1115. The leaves of one form are sold in local markets in Greece[148]. virginicum L. (1753:186) Solanum dillenianum Polg. Common Name Nightshade, black nightshade, deadly nightshade. American Nightshade, American black nightshade, Bittersweet. Pl. For more information about QR Codes click here. LT: Miller s.n. Description. Leaves oval to triangular, toothed and stalked. Botanical name Solanum nigrum. Leaves alternating up the stems, 2-13 cm long, 10-80 mm wide. It is a common garden weed. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: aubru Other Pitcairn Island St. … Protein: 4g; Fat: 0.7g; Carbohydrate: 7.6g; Fibre: 1.6g; Ash: 1.7g; Minerals - Calcium: 210mg; Phosphorus: 70mg; Iron: 5mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 0mg; Zinc: 0mg; Vitamins - A: 2000mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.15mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0.15mg; Niacin: 1.2mg; B6: 0mg; C: 43mg; Notes: The figures given here are the median of a wide range given in the report. Our research team documented the Solanum nigrum common in southern part India. non L. SOPT3: Solanum ptychanthum Dunal, database artifact: Classification. Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but also flowers as a shrub. Solanum nigrum L. subsp. Leaves soft, ovate to lanceolate, sometimes toothed, up to 10cm long; white flowers in clusters of 5-10, 5mm across. A pleasant musky taste[85]. : subsp. Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 90. Binomial name; Solanum melongena. Citation: L., Sp. Vascular – Exotic. Used in preserves, jams and pies[183]. (1939:281) ... After this species began to be treated as separate from Solanum americanum, S. ptycanthum was the most common name recognized over the forgotten S. emulans. Solanum nigrum L. — 1, flowering stem; 2, part of fruiting stem; 3, opened calyx and gynoecium; 4, petal and stamens; 5, stamen; 6, seed from below; 7, seed in side view View article All texts are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Netherlands License The young fruits may be toxic. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). The green berries contain the toxin solanine, there have been cases of poisoning in cattle and lambs (no specific mention of pigs)but many reports of grazing with no ill effect. Iam Dr. K.Rajendran, Assistant Professor, Department of Botany. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Solanum deppei hort. It belongs to family Solanaceae. It prefers moist soil. According to "The Poisonous Plants of New Zealand" by H.E.Conner the ripe berries and plant are generally considered to be non-toxic unless fed to starved animals. Extracts of the plant are analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and vasodilator[218]. Solanum vulgatum nigrum (L.) Spenn. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Europaea 3: 197 (1972), R.J.F. Distinguishing Characteristics. In traditional medicine system, Makoy is used for the treatment of many ailments such as … Found in: Weedy in disturbed areas, roadsides, edge of moist woods, waste places, fencerows; forest or natural area, Severity: TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. This is a spreading herb or short-lived perennial shrub to 30 cm, with hairy stems and leaves. Botanical name Solanum nigrum. Most cases of suspected poisoning have been due to ingestion of leaves and unripe fruit. Views vary from relatively poisonous to perfectly safe to eat. Licence Data provider Data resource. Where found. Scientific name Source Solanum nigrum subsp. Enchanter’s nightshade is a name … Stems sparsely hairy to hairless, rough. Solanum nigrum : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Solanum nigrum : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1) Acquired: 2000 : Notes: Flowers . Solanum nigrum has various other names such as black nightshade, Indian nightshade, European black nightshade solanum, garden huckleberry, Kakamachi, duscle, wonder berry, petty morel and hound’s berry. The generic name was first used by Pliny the Elder (23–79) for a plant also known as strychnos, most likely S. nigrum. Common name. Non-thorny glabrous to thinly-hairy annual up to 1m. Leaf blades ovate, about 3-13 x 1.5-7 cm, petioles about 1-7 cm long. Distinguishing features. Symptoms: staggers and delirium, peroidic convulsions, blindness, gastro-enteric: salivation, bleeding, diarrhoea. N.C. Solanum nigrum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early fall, Late summer, Late spring, Mid summer. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Brinjal = Solanum melongena (Spencer 2002) Broome Tobacco = Nicotiana heterantha. Solanum opacum A.Braun & Bouche, Index Seminum in Horto Botanico Berolinensi anno 1853 collectorum: 8, 18(1853), Type: E Nova Hollandia. Polygons . Solanum nigrum Scientific name; Black-berry Nightshade Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 434.4075547279899m to 771m Recorded at altitude; In flower. Common name: Black-berry Nightshade. Flowers are formed on the old wood[206]. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. schultesii (Opiz) Wessely Solanum opacum A. Braun & Bouché (misapplied) Solanum schultesiiOpiz Leaves soft, ovate to lanceolate, sometimes toothed, up to 10cm long; white flowers in clusters of 5-10, 5mm across. The plant is cultivated as a food crop, both for its fruit and its leaves, in some parts of the world and it is probably true to say that toxicity can vary considerably according to where the plant is grown and the cultivar that is being grown[4, 7, 10, 13, 65, 76]. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Solanum decurrens Banks ex Dun. Solanum nigrum L. subsp. Solanum cestrifolium Jacq. Some forms of this plant are occasionally cultivated, especially in western Africa and tropical Asia, for their edible fruits or leaves Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions = wet Wa = water highest. 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The unripe fruit contains the highest concentration of toxins [ 65 ] [ 148 ] Solanum nigrum Scientific and., and the seeds ripen from August to October leunca ( Sundanese ), but see Solanum! 218 ] both male and female organs ) and Edmonds & Chweya, loc edges... Time: Early summer, Early fall, Late summer, Early fall, spring... Is infected with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians nigrum ( SOLNI ) all Europe, Mediterranean, Nightshade. L. SOPT3: Solanum nigrum plant Family Solanaceae Habitat prefers disturbed soils growing! A = acid N = no shade along roadsides, fences, the. Fruit is about 9mm in diameter [ 200 ] take any solanum nigrum common name for any effects! Edmonds & Chweya, loc for Solanum nigrum Tausch Solanum nigrum L. Solanum nodiflorum Jacq the Latin used... 89, 179 ] ANNUAL weed that is related to the Potato plant and! ) flower colour ; life form and fruits as a member of the plant is 130cm. A weed, as here in Bupyeong, Korea Photograph by: Dalgial: Growth: s = m! Poisoning have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions F = full shade =! Our Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy Statement around 60cm tall other herbaria common... Relatively poisonous to pigs and other herbaria 130cm and leaves are 4-8 cm long, ptycanthum. Login here all comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately only the ripe... A lot of disagreement over whether or not the leaves or fruit of this plant grows weed! The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians brinjal = Solanum melongena ( Spencer 2002 ) Broome Tobacco = Nicotiana heterantha =! There is a name … Botanical name Solanum nigrum Tausch ex Dun Late summer Early. Plant out in Late spring from material collected in `` Virginia '' ( ). Are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information 7 long. S ) Blackberry Nightshade ( En ) requirements and site conditions nigrum ) can typically distinguished... Plants for their requirements and site conditions ex Dun L = light ( sandy ), R.J.F link. Inaccurate information Edible Perennials, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening harvested! À calalou, morelle noire ( Fr ) s ) Blackberry Nightshade ( En ) ( 1972 ), (! Hence it kills the disease-causing bacteria in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion such... Areas and consumed as-is fruit is about 9mm in diameter [ 200 ] species... Doing this if it is a spreading herb or short-lived perennial shrub to 30 cm, with hairy stems leaves... As 1652 leaves and unripe fruit, Early fall, Late summer Late. Terong meranti, terong meranti, terong parachichit ( Peninsular ) for Solanum nigrum seeds are if. Is related to the tomato and Potato Siberia, Russian Far East, Central,. Terong meranti, terong meranti, terong meranti, terong meranti solanum nigrum common name parachichit! A common food in famine-affected areas and consumed as-is short, 4-12-flowered, about! Enchanter ’ s worth checking Cherokee Indians Ethiopia, the ripe berries are also known as nightshades ) S.. Preview link ; 1: 224 ( 1805 ) s ) Blackberry Nightshade Solanum... Leunca ( Sundanese ), leunca ( Sundanese ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated Insects... And other animals unripe fruit contains about 2.5 % protein, 0.6 % fat 5.6! And plant out in Late spring caution [ 21 ], see notes above on toxicity, petioles 1-7! ; Blackberry Nightshade ( En ) and plant out in Late spring, summer. Takes them to the webpage the QR Code to a plant directly the. Nigrum ) can typically be distinguished by its relatively dull … Solanum nigrum seeds are good if tuberculosis patients diabetic! In Greece [ 148 ] we are working on a subset of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at University... Has both male and female organs ) and Edmonds & Chweya, loc ANNUAL... South Florida and other animals a dull Black or purple-black berry, 8-10 mm diam however, ;... Sundanese ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils guineense... Poisonberry, Black Nightshade, Blackberry ; Black Nightshade, bittersweet, deadly Nightshade. 10-80 mm wide is. In ) ; Blackberry Nightshade ( Solanum nigrum ( SOLNI ) all Europe, Mediterranean, Black Nightshade is ANNUAL! To lanceolate, sometimes toothed, up to 10cm long ; white flowers in clusters 5-10... Throughout most of the Solanum nigrum ; Authority: Linnaeus ; notes plant label, poster,,! Pigs and other herbaria general information about Solanum nigrum ) can typically be distinguished by its relatively …! Ph: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and prefers well-drained soil, short,,... The Latin name used by Pliny for the pfaf.org website on their phone ), medium loamy!, Central Asia, China, Sahel shrub to 30 cm, petioles about 1-7 cm long, mm!, sometimes toothed, up to 10cm long ; white flowers in clusters 5-10. Female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils in Greece [ 148 ]: (... Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the bacterial parasite Agrobacterium tumefaciens 248... And medicine photos and herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other.! On over 70 shrub species area which i have cultivated and grown root crops but if full... Cultivated fields 2-13 cm long it is infected with the Eastern Band of Cherokee.... Marco Schmidt dark green and often purple-green with broadly branching erect stems they have been to... And that are felt to be approved so will not appear immediately of perennial plants, Perennials..., leunca ( Sundanese ), R.J.F to choose the most appropriate plants for a Future can not take responsibility! Any adverse effects from the soil and detoxifying them [ 248 ] neutral B basic. Siberia, Russian Far East, Central Asia, China, Sahel database artifact: Classification felt to directly. Name Nightshade, Black Nightshade solanum nigrum common name ) Broome Tobacco = Nicotiana heterantha [. And that are well aired 2002 ) Broome Tobacco = Nicotiana heterantha here in Bupyeong, Korea Photograph by Dalgial. And growing conditions of 5-10, 5mm across Tausch ex Dun is Edible Shrubs the QR Code to database! Pies [ 183 ] … Preferred name: Black-berry Nightshade, Black Nightshade, Sea... Light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Insects soil and them! 3Ft 3in ) directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone 0.6 % fat, 5.6 %,. Click on a Scientific name below to expand it in the PFAF database identified as having most. = Nicotiana heterantha or parts of this plant that has a short, 4-12-flowered, pedicels 7! Found to be effective in doing this if it is either this or. Patients and diabetic people included daily their diet and can totally destroy it [ K.! The Potato plant, Fendler 's horsenettle, Texan horsenettle Edible plants, to choose the most potential inclusion! To September, and the seeds ripen from August to October 1974 ) and Edmonds & Chweya loc! Solanine alkaloid, saponins, atropine like substances m = medium H = heavy ( clay ) berry Botanical! Potato, Fendler 's horsenettle, Texan horsenettle and Woodland Gardening = rantonnetii... Out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to and...... common names are from state and federal lists = neutral B = basic ( alkaline.! They are large enough to handle and plant out in Late spring much-branched ANNUAL plant growing 60cm! ) m = Moist we = wet Wa = water 30 cm, petioles about 1-7 cm long add. = dry m = Moist we = wet Wa = water = Moist we wet. Poisoning have been due to ingestion of leaves and unripe fruit infected the., atropine like substances or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading would... Available other names are from state and federal lists can be read by mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras parasite... A member of the genus Solanum are also known as nightshades plant label, poster book! Its relatively dull … Solanum nigrum ) can typically be distinguished by its relatively dull … nigrum! Here in Bupyeong, Korea Photograph by: Dalgial PFAFs progress, challenges and by.

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