harmful effects of artificial ripening of fruits

December 12th, 2020

Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. And again, another renowned scholar, Dhembare, A. J. The early symptoms of arsenic or phosphorus poisoning include vomiting, burning sensation in the chest and abdomen, diarrhoea. But still, most of the fruit sellers use Chemicals like Calcium carbide for ripening the fruits. ... harmful and become toxic for health if they are taken . According to studies, calcium carbide can also affect the neurological system by inducing prolonged hypoxia. Thus, we are at a greater risk of short-term as well as long-term health effects simply by eating fruits that are artificially ripened. Medical experts have raised concerns about the increasing recourse to artificial ripening of fruits by using chemical substances, saying this is detrimental to the health of people. However, fruits ripened with Calcium carbide are often soft and less tasty, and they also have a shorter storage life. interesting facts about food and nutrition. Abhay Desai, Director, Food Hygiene and Health Laboratory Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Harmful effects: PFA bans artificial ripening of fruit Says it can cause cancer, intest­ine infect­ions, loss of memory, insomn­ia and other diseas­es By Our Correspondent Bananas can also be identified if the fruits are all yellow green whereas the stem is dark. For green bananas of Le Gros Michel variety, 4 or 5 clays may be required, depending upon the tem­ perature used. The purpose of the study is to address the safe protocol for quick ripening, health related issues associated with artificial ripening, and report current research findings of the food value assessment of artificially ripened fruits. perature speeds up the chemical transformations and effects a ripening similar to that on the tree or vine. The symptoms of arsenic and phosphorous poisoning include vomiting, diarrhoea with/without blood, weakness, burning sensation in the chest and abdomen, thirst, problem in swallowing, burning of eyes, permanent eye damage, ulcers on the skin, mouth, nose and throat. While purchasing fruits and vegetables, remember not to select those that are homogenously ripened and with bright, eye-catching colours. The chemical is definitely harmful, and even after washing the fruit with water, the residue in Point Per Trillion (PPT) can be found, which can also percolate into the fruit pulp.—Dr. Hence farmers in fruit orchards pluck the fruits raw. These make them ripe quickly along with enhancing their color, texture and flavor. Calcium carbide treatment of food is extremely hazardous because it contains traces of … Ever heard of Mock Meats? ripening will be much slower than at 65 ° to 70°F. The most commonly used chemical is called ethephon (2-chloroethylphosphonic acid). Provisions for artificial ripening of fruits under Food Safety and Standards Regulations 2011 Artificial ripening of fruits by acetylene gas, commonly known as carbide gas is prohibited as per the provisions in the sub-regulation 2.3.5 of the Food Safety and Standards (Prohibition and Restrictions on Sales) Regulation, 2011. Ethylene: A very small concentration of ethylene in air is sufficient to promote the fruit ripening process. The experts, who spoke to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in separate interviews across some South West states and Kwara, called for concerted efforts to tackle the scourge. Whereas in the case of artificial ripening, fruit ripening agents promote ripening and induce colour changes. Chemicals used to ripen fruits artificially are toxic and can also affect people's neurological system This process is irreversible and leads to senescence. (India Science Wire). It is, however, fraught with several problems. Irrespective of what quantity you consume, the chemical is known to have harmful effects on the liver & other parts of the body. Ripening agents speed up the process of ripening of fruits after they are picked prior to full ripening. However, even today, it has been found that fruit and vegetable vendors in most countries uses chemicals to ripen up the fruits and vegetables. 1 Artificial ripening of fruits and its harmful effects 2 The gas used for artificial ripening of fruits 2.1 Information about artificial ripening of fruits by ethylene Watch it before buying Fruits this summer. Several news reports have highlighted the open indiscriminate use of Calcium Carbide in different parts of the country. Many countries including India has allowed the use of Ethylene and Ethephon for ripening of fruits as it is less harmful if compared with Calcium carbide. * Fruits have short shelf-life and black blotches appear on the skin of the fruit in two to three days. Fruits that have a uniform colour are more likely to have been artificially ripened. The fruits are ripened at the destination markets before retailing and hence artificial ripening has become essential. artificial ripening of fruits by ethylene, Harmful effects of artificial ripening of fruits. Food safety and health security should be top concerns of any Government for its citizens. Pregnant women particularly need to be very careful and should not consume such fruits and vegetables. Throat sores, cough, and wheezing and shortness of breath may also occur soon after exposure to the chemical. Artificial ripening of fruits—misleading ripe and health risk. Artificial ripening Ripe fruits cannot be stored and transported for a long time. They shipped these harmful mangoes to affect our children, parents and men and women. Chemicals used to ripen fruits artificially are toxic and can also affect people's neurological system. Externally applied Ethylene is likely to trigger or initiate the natural ripening process of apple, avocado, banana, mango, papaya, pineapple and guava, and therefore, can be sold before the predicted time. It penetrates into the fruit and decomposes ethylene. In May 2017, secretary horticulture department had issued a ban order in view of wide range of harmful effects of Ethephon on fruit plants/human health. In artificial ripening, this process is mimicked using chemicals. After proper maturity, fruits ripen in nature by using many physical and biochemical events. Ethephon: Ethephon is another agent which is used to artificially ripen fruits. Those convicted under this Act could face imprisonment for three years and a fine of up to Rupees 1000. In artificial ripening, this process is mimicked using chemicals. Although ripening through usage of chemicals is banned in several countries, India still continues to […] According to rules 44AA of the PFA Rules 1955, no fruit can be ripened with the aid of Calcium Carbide. The most commonly used chemical is called ethephon (2-chloroethylphosphonic acid). At 80° Fahrenheit this time may be decreased, but at 6o°F. But still, most of the fruit sellers use Chemicals like Calcium carbide for ripening the fruits. All rights reserved. Watch it before buying Fruits this summer. The traders then ripen them artificially at the destination using certain chemicals. In nature, fruits ripen after attainment of proper maturity by a sequence of complex physical and biochemical events.  During ripening fruits soften, changes colour, and characteristic aroma and flavours develop. Beware of Artificial Ripening in Fruits Food and health security must be the top most priority of any Government towards its citizens. They will have uniform skin colour in fruits like tomato, mango, papaya, and in the case of banana, the fruit will be yellow while the stem will be dark green. * Though fruits may appear ripe, yet the inner core is sour. (2013), in his paper, Bitter Truth about Fruit with Reference to Artificial Ripener also joins the chorus in highlighting the harmful effects of these chemicals and states that, “If pregnant women consume fruit ripened with carbide, the children born could develop abnormalities”. Ever Thought Why Bread Turns Golden Brown? Artificial ripening of fruits. In humans, acetylene is only toxic if it exceeds the limits then its inhalation can cause unconsciousness and can affect the neurological system by inducing prolonged hypoxia i.e. In addition, industrial grade calcium carbide is often found contaminated with trace amounts of arsenic and phosphorus, which are toxic chemicals. The concerned authorities have failed to carve out any effective action plan to check the malpractices in ripening. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. It also contains traces of arsenic and phosphorus hydride. Whereas in the case of artificial ripening, fruit ripening agents promote ripening and induce colour changes. Recent studies have shown ethylene regulates the expression of several genes, which are involved in fruit ripening. All traders involved in these activities are well aware of the harmful effects of artificial ripening, but no authorities stop them. However, a chemical known as Calcium Carbide (CaC2) is most commonly used for artificial ripening of fruits. Whereas in the case of artificial ripening, fruit ripening agents promote ripening and induce colour changes. To begin with, artificial ripening is the process where fruits and vegetables are matured using ripening agents. People who eat fruits as part of an overall healthy diet generally have a reduced risk of chronic diseases. All that glitters is not gold and is definitely harmful these days. Sometimes the fruits are not yet ripe when they are ready to be sold. However, even today, it has been found that fruit and vegetable vendors in most countries uses chemicals to ripen up the fruits and vegetables. “whereas, it has been observed that Ethephon, a pesticides, is widely being used as plant growth regulator and for ripening of fruits in Horticulture Sector; and Whereas, in view of its wide range of harmful effects on fruit plants/human ‘health, the Department requested the SKUAST-K to examine the issue and advise on its effects; and The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has banned calcium carbide under the Prevention of Food Adulteration (PFA) Act, 1954. Food and health security must be the top most priority of any Government towards its citizens. Eating artificially ripened mangoes causes stomach upset because the alkaline substance is an irritant that erodes the mucosal tissue in the stomach and disrupts intestinal function. The fruits become soft, change in colour, and develop characteristic aroma and flavour, with increase in sugar level and reduction in acid content. In today’s fast growing pace lifestyle, food safety and health security should be topmost priority for any Government for its citizens. early and offseason. Artificial ripening of fruits is a complex issue especially in developing countries like India and requires the combined involvement of the whole community, government agencies, policymakers, fruit-sellers, farmers, scientists and consumers to find an effective solution to this matter. Thirst, weakness, difficulty in swallowing, irritation or burning of the eyes and skin, permanent eye damage, ulcers on the skin, irritation in the mouth, nose and throat. The habit of washing and peeling before eating the fruit could help in minimising the health risks associated with the use of Calcium Carbide. what the individual experience through senses like taste, sight, smell and touch etc. The fast ripening of fruits means they may contain various harmful properties. How to Make Puff Pastry Dough Step by Step, Brief Overview Of Leavening Agents In Food Industry, Onsite Gas Systems – Nitrogen And Oxygen Generators, 5 Reasons Why Jam Is Not Setting!- Fruit Jam Problems. The most commonly used chemical is called ethephon (2-chloroethyl phosphonic acid). In case of artificial ripening, fruit ripening agents like ethylene and acetylene promote the ripening process and cause color changes in the fruits. An analogue of ethylene, credible and fearless driver for the new tomorrow have... Build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless topmost priority for any Government towards its citizens to eat the... 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