why are the virunga mountains in danger

December 12th, 2020

Mount Muhaburais shared by Uganda and Rwanda, the name is derived from a local word to mean Sentinel. This park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979; covering 7800sqkms. Virunga national park is home to the active Nyiragongo volcano in its center whose summit harbors the largest lava lake in the world. Records show that it has erupted for over 30 times and the last one was in 2002 when the lava lake drained and lava flowed to the nearby communities and destroyed part of Goma town. A hike on this mountain is memorable and authentic. Political instability and pressure from rebel groups throughout the area has made Virunga a very dangerous place for decades. The Virunga Mountains: Virunga Volcanoes is a chain of about 8 volcanoes. Political instability and pressure from rebel groups throughout the area has made Virunga a very dangerous place for decades. The interaction of humans with Gorillas causes the spreading of diseases in Gorillas. They are located between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu. This charcoal trade wreaks havoc on all who live in that region. Virunga National Park is in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979, but was labelled a site in danger in 1994 due to political conflict and poaching.. Over the past 20 years, 160 Virunga rangers have lost their lives trying to protect this African jewel. > Learn more about AWF's protection of other great ape species in key habitats. The African Wildlife Foundation is a 501(c)3 nonprofit charity. Virunga National park in Democratic Republic of Congo has a lot to offer on your African trip. Illicit charcoal production and slash and burn farming, practices employed for energy and income generation, are key causes of habitat loss. More than 180 rangers have been killed in Virunga over the last 20 years, making the park one of the most dangerous conservation projects in the world. It is commonly known for being a home to the golden monkeys and the endangered mountain gorillas. This destination has a lot to offer on your safari to Africa ranging from wildlife, physical features, and accommodation to Culture. It is where some of the endangered mountain gorillas and a few wildlife species stay. Each have national parks that are supposed to protect the habitat of the mountain gorillas. The oil is buried under a landscape where approximately a one third of critically endangered mountain gorillas reside. The mountain gorillas are not alone in their reliance on the sanctuary of Virunga National Park. The 53 properties which the World Heritage Committee has decided to include on the List of World Heritage in danger in accordance with Article 11 (4) of the Convention. Its one of the steepest to climb. While on this activity, trekkers encounter different fauna species such as elephants, monkeys, buffaloes among others. Virunga National Park. Mount Muhabura also provides views of the five of the Virunga Volcanoes. Virunga national park is located in the Eastern province of D.R. Virunga national park is the best site for viewing the eye catching landscapes in the neighboring countries. The rough Virunga Mountains are on the border of three countries: Congo, Rwanda and Uganda. The Park abounds with breathtaking sights – dense jungles, vast bubbling lava lakes, wide savannah plains and glacier-clad mountains. This is a dormant volcano and second highest after Karisimbi, located in the remote area of DRC. AWF Blogs bring you to the critical landscapes we work in, where conservation benefits both wildlife and people alike. Six died in an ambush in April. Don’t be taken up by the rumors you hear about democratic republic of Congo, the whispers of wars, Ebola and so on. Where and how these activities take place should be carefully weighed against the repercussions they could have on wildlife, people and the important environmental services that places like Virunga provides. Whereas most lava flows move rather slowly and rarely pose a danger to human life, Nyiragongo's lava flows may race downhill at up to 100 km/h. In 2014, Netflix released Virunga, a documentary on the Virunga park rangers who are tasked with protecting the critically endangered mountain gorilla. This is yet another wonderful wildlife activity to undertake while in the park. For all travelers, Congo has one of the most interesting National Parks that harbors Mountain Gorillas; which is Virunga National Park. Muhabura stands at an elevation of 4,127 meters above sea level. Craig's experiences with wildlife and conservation began in 1973 as a Peace Corps volunteer in Zaire. Its usually takes tourists only one d… Standing at 4,437m above sea level; it is regarded as one of the toughest volcano to hike in the Virunga due to its steep and forested slopes. Virunga National Park (covering an area of 790,000 ha) comprises an outstanding diversity of habitats, ranging from swamps and steppes to the snowfields of Rwenzori at an altitude of over 5,000 m, and from lava plains to the savannahs on the slopes of volcanoes. Why Mountain Gorillas are Endangered: The gorillas are lovely creatures that live in the mountains of Uganda, Rwanda and DRC. But the true victims in this story -- the mountain gorillas of Virunga-- are hard to see as anything other than innocent quarry of machinations far beyond their ken.They are pure victims in every sense of the word. There is greater biodiversity in Africa’s Albertine Rift region where Virunga National Park is located than in any other ecosystem in Africa. Understand []. Required fields are marked *. With a population hovering at about 1,000 individuals, their future remains fragile and depends on further conservation efforts and local community involvement. Political insecurity, poaching, and resource extraction landed the park on the List of World Heritage in Danger, where the park’s status has remained since 1994. For tax purposes, our EIN is 52-0781390. The visitors to these natural habitats bring in a lot of money, though big crowds may pose a danger to conservation since trekkers destabilize the ecosystem by trampling on the vegetation. The slopes of Mount Mikeno play host to a number of Virunga’s critically endangered mountain gorilla families. This is because of the extremely low silica content. It is the place where the famous Dian Fossey brought attention to the precarious situation of the mountain … Congo where it borders Uganda and Rwanda, it happens to be the oldest National Park in Africa and the second oldest in the whole world (The first being Yellowstone national park). Mount Nyamurangira Nyamuragira is an active composite volcano in the Virunga Mountains of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. However, after three years of unrest, the southern sector of Virunga National park has been considered safe for visitors with over 100 travelers storming these sites every month. It is listed as endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, as its population consists of 1,004 individuals in two populations as of 2018. The park is known to harbor a great number of mountain gorillas, birds from Siberia spending their winter in the park and hippos in the rivers. Trees need to be cleared from the forest so that humans have a place to be, which has a devastating effect on the gorillas. Over the past 20 years, 160 Virunga rangers have lost their lives trying to protect this African jewel. However, due to the political conflict and poaching in 1994, it was pronounced a site in danger. By the time the movie of the same name was released in 1988, Fossey had been murdered at a research site in the Virunga Mountains. Besides this, the park also prides in a number of wildlife which include the African icons such as elephants, chimpanzees, remarkable okapi, lion, blue monkeys, black and white colobus monkeys among others. In addition to this, the park boasts recommendable biodiversity due to a large diversity of habitats it offers. The Virunga mountain stretch on an 80 kilometers long area between Lake Kivu and Lake Edward. 5 days Congo gorillas & Nyiragongo hiking safari, 4 days Virunga gorillas & Nyiragongo hiking tour, gorilla permit in Democratic republic of Congo. The mountain range is a branch of the Albertine Rift Mountains, which border the western branch of the East African Rift. Heroes usually make a decision to put themselves in danger or to protect people who are in danger. Virunga: Mountain gorilla sanctuary under threat. Virunga National Park, park in northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) that was created in 1925. This is because the park is a tropical forest with dense vegetation. The chimpanzee habituation permits in Virunga national park are sold at $100 per person giving a chance to interact with these amazing species for a whole day. This richly diverse array of habitats is home to critical populations of the world’s last remaining mountain gorillas. New settlements from people fleeing conflict within the … Park rangers risk their lives on a daily basis while protecting the park. The Virunga Mountains (also known as Mufumbiro ) are a chain of volcanoes in East Africa, along the northern border of Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Uganda. Forest clearance for human settlement is badly affecting the mountain Gorillas habitats. Accommodation options in Virunga national park range from budget to luxury. Virunga National Park is a 7800 square kilometer World Heritage Site that lies on the eastern border of the Democratic Republic of Congo, where it borders Uganda as well as Rwanda. The discovery of oil in nearby Lake Edward and Queen Elizabeth National Parks has raised the specter of oil exploration in Virunga and this also threatens the park. In a rapidly developing Africa, mining, agriculture, and human development are inevitable to support socio-economic progress, but they should be carefully planned. Located in East Africa, the Virunga Mountains are a series of volcanoes that extends along northern part of Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Uganda. Some of the lodges here include the Nyiragongo Volcano Summit Shelters, Mikeno lodge, Lulimbi tented camp, Bukima tented camp and Kibumba Tented camp for mid-range and budget travelers, among others. On the View of all the above, don’t be left because of fear. The following are the reasons why gorilla trekking permits are expensive; The high prices are due to the high flow in of visitors to see gorillas in their natural habitats. However, due to the political conflict and poaching in 1994, it was pronounced a site in danger. As an L.S.B. Simply fill in the form on the right or contact us through the details below. Virunga National Park - DR Congo In Danger from 1994 to present. They span parts of Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic … The park consists of magnificent variety of habitats ranging from swamps and steppes to the snow fields of Rwenzori, and from Savannah rangelands to the lava plains on the slopes of the Volcanoes. This view gives an extra ordinary experience to all tourists since all these can be viewed from the comfort of your lodge in the park. The rain forest on the volcanoes is home to most animal species in Africa. It has an area of some 3,050 square miles (7,900 square km) and contains a vast diversity of habitats. Virunga Mountains, Virunga also spelled Birunga, also called Mufumbiro Mountains, volcanic range north of Lake Kivu in east-central Africa, extending about 50 miles (80 km) along the borders of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda.The range runs east-west, perpendicular to the rift valley in which lie Lakes Kivu and Edward. Tourists see the eroded valleys spotted in the Sinda and Ishango region. Other families in the park include Humba, Rugendo, Lulengo, Mapuwa and Munyaga among others. The range lies between the Lake Kivu and Lake Edward, and is an extension of the Albertine Rift Mountains. With eight habituated gorilla families in the park, Virunga national park is one of the four parks in the world harboring the only remaining endangered mountain Gorillas in the whole world thus making it the most done activity in the park. The largest family in the park with roughly 32 members and one silver back is called Kabirizi gorilla family. The presence of armed militia is putting mountain Gorillas lives in danger. Oil extraction and possible oil spills would disrupt wildlife and the people living in this area. The blogs are written by our staff - men and women who have dedicated their lives to Africa's wildlife, people and wild lands. Join Our Million Dollar Match by Dec. 20 and your gift will go 2X as far to save elephants. For example, across the border in Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable Park the money from gorilla tourism now exceeds the revenue from the mining and encroachment that nearly destroyed Bwindi 30 years ago. Why Mountain Gorillas Endangered – Mountain Gorilla Conservation The mountain gorilla is one of the subspecies of the eastern gorilla. The word “ibirunga”(comes from Kinyarwanda dialect) which literally means “Mountains” is where the word Virunga is … Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a8df6835d1779b3ba4c6c1e155870f5e" );document.getElementById("c44e8f1fd2").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Want to book Uganda gorilla safaris from Kigali in Rwanda or any other kinds of gorilla trips? Mountain gorillas, Dian Fossey and pygmies. The Virunga Mountains (Virunga massif/Virunga ranges) is a block of Chain Mountains found in East – central Africa. Local communities rely on Lake Edward which feeds into the Nile. Thanks to the efforts of Frankfurt (1987) the zoologist who started this activity. Since then, chimpanzees have been trained to get used to people thus giving travelers a reason to flock into the park for habituation and trekking experiences. The park is named after Virunga Mountain ranges that lies south of the park. The Virunga Mountains also harbor different kinds of animals’ part from mountain gorillas, plant species, butterflies species, moth species and various species of birds some of which are endemic to his area. They are located in the East African Rift Valley and it is alleged that they are park of this Rift. Park rangers risk their lives on a daily basis while protecting the park. This Congo national park has very nice accommodation facilities ranging from budget, mid-range to luxury. They are almost extinct because of … The park is well known for its population of rare mountain gorillas. The Virunga Mountains also known as the Virunga Massif offer one of the most unique tourist attraction sites in Africa. The Virunga Mountains. The hike is worth as you can see a crater near to its summit and stunning views of Rwanda twin lakes Burera and Ruhondo. The park’s magnificent volcanic mountain ranges and endemic species placed it on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979. The mountain gorilla is one of subspecies of eastern gorilla.It is listed as endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, as its population consists of 1,004 individuals in two populations as of 2018. This volcano is well located and because of this it is classified with a magical nature which makes it a great place for hiking. The park is named after Virunga Mountain ranges that lies south of the park. “The mountain gorilla faces a grave danger of extinction—primarily because of the encroachments of native man upon its habitat,” Dian Fossey wrote in her 1983 memoir, Gorillas in the Mist. The experience in the park exceeds wild life and also includes hiking the Nyiragongo volcano. Illegal hunting inside protected areas increased. Virunga national park is approximately a home a quarter of the remaining endangered mountain gorillas living on the slopes of Virunga volcano. Your email address will not be published. Tourist hike up to the summit of the volcano and have a clear view of the dazzling lake with lots of fumes coming out of melilite and nephelinite. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979, a visit to Virunga is an experience unlike any other. But there is good news. Leakey grant researcher in the late 1970s, Craig studied mountain gorillas with Dian Fossey and, in 1987, became director of Rwanda's Mountain Gorilla Project, of which African Wildlife Foundation was a sponsor. The Virunga Mountains are a mountain range, or group of mountains, in east-central Africa . Democratic Republic of Congo initially known as Zaire is the second largest country in Africa bordering Uganda in the East, and Central African Republic in the north, Zambia in the south and Gabon in the west. The name "Virunga" is an English version of the Kinyarwanda word ibirunga, which means "volcanoes". 5 days Congo gorillas & Nyiragongo hiking safari, 5 days Congo Rwanda tour, 4 days Virunga gorillas & Nyiragongo hiking tour, 4 days Virunga double gorilla trekking, 3 days Congo gorilla trekking safari, 3 days Mount Nyiragongo hike, 2 days Virunga gorilla trekking in Congo. Come and find your fundamental experience. A number of activities can be done which include chimpanzee trekking, nature walk, Nyiragongo hike, gorilla trekking and landscape viewing. People are also cutting down trees for the 30 million dollar a year charcoal trade which some people use to make money. Craig’s direct involvement with AWF began as a Senior Associate and member of AWF’s Board of Trustees. The oil is buried under a landscape where approx… Area: 7,900 km 2 Inscribed: 1979 Criteria: (vii) aesthetic; (ix) ecological processes; (x) biodiversity Values: Virunga National Park is Africa's oldest and most diverse park. Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Continued political instability, human encroachment, and forest degradation do pose real threats and there’s no room for complacency. Along with its abundance of wildlife, Virunga National Park has an exceptional diversity of landscapes ranging from the glaciers of the Rwenzori Mountains, at over 5,000 meters, to impenetrable forests, savannas, rivers, and lake ecosystems. In 1969, the two parks were merged under the name Virunga National Park, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. He became a full-time employee of AWF in 2001 and now serves as the organization's Senior Vice President. Afghanistan. Virunga National Park lies in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, but mountain gorilla habitat extends across country borders to southwestern Uganda and northeastern of Rwanda, covering over 790,000 hectares. Many tourists ask whether this park is safe or dangerous for tourism. Since the early 1990s, the protected area was impacted by political turmoil in the African Great Lakes region. Loss of a habitat is a key threat to all species living in Virunga National Park. Many other endangered and vulnerable species live within the park’s borders, like the elephant and, numerous threatened ungulate species, and important hippo populations. The loss of mountain gorillas and the subsequent loss of tourism dollars would put increased pressure on communities that rely on revenue from gorilla trekking expeditions. Your email address will not be published. Mountain gorillas are seeing the benefits of strategic and concerted conservation efforts and consequently have experienced a steady population increase over the last 3 decades, making the mountain gorilla the only great ape species in the world to be increasing in number. This activity takes approximately 1-6 hours including one hour of interacting with the gorillas. A gorilla permit in Democratic republic of Congo goes for $400 per person according to the 2018-2019 Virunga tariff. Virunga was created in 1925 by Albert I; who was a king of Belgium by then as national park with a main focus of protecting the mountain gorillas in Virunga mountain forests of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda. Craig has acted as Scientific Advisor for the award-winning IMAX film, "Mountain Gorilla," and with National Geographic, he surveyed the conservation status of mountain gorillas in the aftermath of Rwanda's civil war. Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan ... Virunga National Park (1994) Egypt. This includes the jagged relief and snow summits of Rwenzori Mountains. The Volcanoes in the Virunga conservation area are connected with the Afro alpine vegetation of Tree ferns and the thick forests. The discovery of oil in nearby Lake Edward and Queen Elizabeth National Parks has raised the specter of oil exploration in Virungaand this also threatens the park. You have come at the right place. At 14,557 feet (4,437 meters) Mount Mikeno is the second highest peak in the Virunga mountains and the 13th highest mountain of Africa. This will give you a chance to get out of the daily noise pollution, boring urban environment but head to destinations that will expose you to the sweet melodies of nature and romantic colors of the birds. There are many trails tourists follow leading to the interior of the forest and to various birding spots. Hunting of Gorillas is also a great threat to mountain Gorillas. Virunga National Park is located in Eastern DRC Congo. Within the limits of law, your gift is 100% tax-deductible. Situated in DR Congo; Mount Nyamuragira is Africa's most active volcanic mountain, lying in the Virunga Massif.

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