paul's view of jesus

December 12th, 2020

Here he's just focusing on the Father and the Son because it's making his point. We believe the Bible is a unified story that leads to Jesus. κύριος ὁ θεὸς ἡμῶν κύριος εἷς ἐστιν. He's made a little messianic Jesus style Shema prayer right here. Jon: So let's drop into the psyche of Paul the Apostle, how he thinks about Jesus of Nazareth as the true human and also as somehow Yahweh himself. He was entirely in favour of good deeds, as the emphasis on perfect behaviour shows, and he did not regard good works as being opposed to “faith.” On the contrary, faith produced good deeds as “fruit of the Spirit” (Galatians 5:22). So Jesus is Lord. That's true in ancient Greek and Roman temples too. But Paul does something interesting. By means of his word and the Spirit. These have all been committed to memory so they're floating around and they're being preserved and passed on by the circles connected with the apostles. Jon: Because they'll have a little festival in the temple? Here, firstborn is he's the first new human who's gone through death and came out the other side as the new humanity so that he might have first place in everything. No ultimate creator and ruler, except the one God." Paul’s View of Jesus as an Angel. These are exact same word. In part two (7:25-22:10), Tim and Jon examine Romans 10:8-9, 12-13: “The message concerning faith that we proclaim: If you declare with your mouth, 'Jesus is Lord,' and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved…. This movement was founded by Jim Wallis, Tony Compolo, Brian McLaren, and Shane Claiborne. This absolutist ethical view—those in Christ are to be morally perfect; those not in Christ are extremely sinful—was not always true in practice, and Paul was often alarmed and offended when he discovered that the behaviour of his converts was not what he expected. Exodus 4, Israel is my firstborn son. They're rarely the main point. That's exactly what you're seeing here. The Father and the Son. Tim: Correct. The divine name... Jon: So the divine name Yahweh written with Hebrew letters, but then pronounced Lord? Jon: One Lord. Tim: In a metaphoric way, something like that seems to be going on. Tim: Continuing episode. Isn't he riffing off of something Moses said when he says, "If you declare with your mouth and believe in your heart"? No, Corinthians. "Concerning eating food sacrificed to idols, we know that there's no such thing as an idol." Like there's a different sizes of infinity. During his lifetime his disciples may have begun to think of him as the Messiah (“Christ” in Greek translation), the anointed one who would restore the fortunes of Israel. Tim: Oh, yeah. Tim: Correct. Its focus was not upon the identity of Christ but upon the work of Christ. According to Krister Stendahl, the main concern of Paul's writings on Jesus' role, and salvation by faith, is the problem of the inclusion of gentile (Greek) Torah observers into God's covenant. Sheesh. So it's a smaller infinity. And you find these comments that he makes that are just astounding. Tim: Correct. This solution, however, seems not to have been in Paul’s mind, and it took centuries of debate to evolve. Tim: I think the apostles recognize that they're putting language to the indescribable. And then he uses it to go on to make some other point. The question was whether his Gentile converts would have to accept those parts of the Jewish law that separated Jew from Gentile. Since neither “messiah” nor “son of God” automatically conveys a specific meaning, the significance of these terms must be determined by studying how each author uses them. So this is talking about the One God as creator. And here in Colossians, the "through him" and "for him" are both for Jesus. He's not saying that. “Therefore concerning the eating of foods sacrificed to idols, we know that there is no such thing as an idol in the world and that there is no God but one. So the first is that he's basically stuck Jesus in the Shema. and He is the beginning, Jon: What's the difference between from someone and by something? So relevant to our conversation, I just want to have us work through a handful of passages in Paul's letters where he expresses his views about Jesus. And really they just got it and burn up some parts and then you get all the meat to go celebrate. And actually, put it there. And who is the one God for Paul? What's fascinating is that he actually almost never has to argue for his views about Jesus. Instead of saying it aloud like you do when you read the Hebrew text, you see the four letters of the divine name and say, "Adonai," they actually put in the Greek translation of the word Adonai, which is kurios, Lord. Which is weird on its face because we have one God in the Shema, one God who is Yahweh the Lord, and he's trying to insert Jesus in but keep the language of one. But it's not something you can understand. Occasionally the verb means “to believe that” something is true (Romans 10:9: “believe in your heart that God raised [Christ]”), but in 1 Thessalonians it means “steadfastness.” Paul feared that the Thessalonians were wavering under persecution, and so he sent Timothy to strengthen their faith. And so, Paul draws on that and puts Jesus on that shelf. Next, Paul reiterates the fact that there is a resurrection for the dead, and there need not be a baptism for the dead by those who are alive. It's interesting because again, he doesn't argue for the case. But the literary works that we know as the Gospels are mosaic of all of that material that was happening. Jon: Remember when we talked about poetry? Jon: That doesn't happen in Jewish culture, right? Feat. Jon: So thrones, dominions, rulers, and authorities, are all these the invisible spiritual...? (“Righteousness” and “justification” translate the same Greek word, dikaiosynē.). Dr. Michael Heiser. Tim: That's right. We saw this in the page 1 of the Gospel of Mark, a quotation from the Old Testament, and in the divine name slot, Lord. It's one of these things where when we're talking about the complex unity of the God of the Bible, one plus one equals one. And now in this episode, we're going to turn to the Apostle Paul. In short, Paul was a charlatan, an evangelical huckster who succeeded in twisting Jesus’ message of love into something Jesus himself would never recognize. They are very piecemeal. Jon: The man, the Son of Man. It's in his 1 Corinthians 8 when he's writing them about food sacrificed to idols. April 11, 2013. He says, "Here's the message concerning faith that we proclaim." It's mostly that as we're going to see in a few other examples, he treats the Spirit as a third entity alongside the Father and the Son. Tim: I mean, that's what the words mean. It has been shown that Paul regarded himself as a disciple of Jesus, that he was so regarded by those who had been Jesus' friends, that he had abundant opportunity for acquainting himself with Jesus' words and deeds, that he does refer to them occasionally, that he could have done so oftener if he had desired, that the imitation of Jesus found a place in his life, and that his likeness to Jesus extends even to … Jon: Yeah, the ruakh is in the mix. He's the exalted human, Son of Man, and the wisdom of God and word by whom it was all created. Jon: He says same kind of thing. He's the firstborn of all creation. For us, there are two gods." Man: This is (man) from Raleigh, North Carolina. So from whom creation is an expression of God's own creative energy. Jon: If God is transcendent and ultimately is beyond meta, then one plus one equals one. Dan Gummel, Jon Collins, Matthew Halbert-Howen, Show Music: It's always Lord. It's not the case. He is the image of the invisible God. Jesus is the image, he is the exact human who participates in God's own identity and rule, the firstborn of all creation, for by means of him, all things are created. Tim: Which is to say Jesus is Lord. Anyways, one plus one equals one. How can we figure out. Thus, Paul’s rivals held that his converts were not yet among the people of God. Temples are also the meat markets because animals were being slaughtered there perpetually. As noted above, Paul paid special attention to Jesus’ death and resurrection. Tim: Yeah, that's interesting. It's a concept we can't understand. Paul continued to have new ‘revelations’ that spoke ‘of’ and ‘for’ a Christ, but he was glaringly silent about the actual life of Yahushua (Jesus) and his teachings. Jon: If he was created, then how did he create everything? And He is head of the body, the church; “Son of God” in the Hebrew Bible is used metaphorically (God is the father, human beings are his children), and this usage continued in postbiblical Jewish literature. Jon: In a metaphoric way he did. He's not limiting Jesus to that, but he's using a Jewish category to help make sense of how one plus one equals one. Tim: So Daniel 7, he's the human one... Gospel these books include Mathew Mark Luke and John the tell about Jesus teaching ministry and his death. Because it seems like what he's saying when he says firstborn of all creation, it's not like God had a bunch of kids and Jesus was the oldest. After his death and resurrection, his followers regularly referred to him as the Messiah (Acts 2:36: “God made him both Lord and Messiah”). Can I buy some meat? These are the orally memorized teachings of Jesus. Joel 2:32: Hebrew: “Everyone who calls on the name of Yahweh will be saved.”, Joel 2:32 Greek Septuagint: “Everyone who calls on the name of Kurios will be saved.” “Jesus is Lurios”, Romans 10:9, 13: “Everyone who calls on the name of Kurios will be saved.”, Tim moves on and talks about Jesus and the Shema in 1 Corinthians 8:4. Then the other thing is, can I go have a meal there? And so, he also becomes the chief of the whole new future for the human race. The verb “to put one’s faith in” or “to believe” (the same Greek word, pisteuein, may be translated both ways) appears 49 times in the undisputed letters, while the noun “faith” (or “belief”) appears 93 times. And all that's happening as Paul's writing his letters. The body of Christ is also important in Paul’s discussions of behaviour. He's just using that word and taking part of its connotation... Tim: Yes. Tim: Yeah. 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